Dr. Mir Anayat
Breast lumps, bumps and discharge other than milk may be worrisome. Many women shy away or out of ignorance seek late medical intervention where the possibilities of better treatment get minimized.
Breast in women doesn’t only contribute to her beauty; however, it is the most vital part of her biological and sexual process. Breast is made up of many glands and ducts which pour out the secretion through the nipple surrounded by areola. Fat deposition and growth of ducts start taking place from puberty due to hormonal changes. The milk producing mammary glands are connected to breast surface by lactiferous duct which get filled with milk during lactation.
In women breast changes are common and these changes start from puberty to menopause. They occur especially during monthly cycles, pregnancy and as a part of aging. Sometimes feeling of breast lumps by chance or during medical examination can be a part of normal structure within the breast.
Most of the breast lumps are normal, noncancerous or benign. Benign lumps do not affect your long term health. Some breast lumps may warn you as a sign of cancer. Wisdom lies always in getting a proper medical evaluation at once you discover a lump in your breast. These lumps may develop at any age but hormonal changes in the body influence them much, in some cases they disappear naturally. Breast lumps in some babies develop due to maternal estrogen and gradually clears as the level of hormone reduces in their bodies. Sometimes adolescent boys also get breast lumps during puberty. This is a temporary phenomenon and the lumps disappear in couple of months.
Benign or nonmalignant causes of Lump
Breast lumps could have many possible causes which include; cysts filled with fluid or milk during breast feeding. Fibrocystic in which breast feels lumpy in texture and occasionally accompanied by pain. Fibroadenoma is a noncancerous state in which lumps feel rubbery, nodular and mobile within the breast. Mastitis, an infection of the breast. Lipoma, a fatty lump. Intraductal papilloma, a noncancerous tumor in milk duct.
As most of the breast lumps are noncancerous but you need to worry if you notice following changes in your breast, which advocate early medical evaluation to rule out breast cancer.
An existing lump which changes or grows in size.
Discovering a new growth with a noticeably change in that area than of the rest.
If you find a lump during menstruation and it does not disappear after it finishes.
Noticing a bloody discharge from the nipple or an inverted nipple which was not before.
The skin on the breast getting red or begins to pucker like an orange peel. If you notice unusual bruise without any apparent reason.
Women with pain in breast are more worried about cancer but it is not a common sign of breast cancer.